Apr13

Swahili Adjective Agreement

Most inflecting adjectives have stems starting with a consonant. Among those who start with a vowel, almost all have stems that start with either e (z.B .ekundu “red”) or i (z.B. -ingi “much, many”). A very small minority of adjectives start with other vowels, but these only concern the animated speakers and therefore have only shapes in classes 1 and 2, for example: -ovu “nasty, nasty”, which is mwovu in class 1 and Waovu in class 2. It can also introduce an adjective or equivalent expression describing a relatively long-lasting characteristic. When discussing Swahili nominatory classes, it is important to distinguish (1) morphological nominatory classes as name quality, which are indicated by morphological characteristics (usually prefixes) and (2) syntician classes as paradigms of agreement (i.e. concord) that influence the use of other words in the sentence. Here, the “Noun class” is used with the earlier meaning. The morphological and syntactic nomadic classes often diverge, especially when it comes to names that concern humans and animals that are not part of the morphological name of class 1/2, reported by m-wa. For more information, visit La Concorde. The adjective -ingin “other” is sometimes given inflecting prefixes of the species found with which determines, according to a verbal model rather than a nominal model. These include the forms of Lingin in Class 6, Ingin or Yingin in Class 9 and Zingin in Class 10. Some speakers also use an e in these classes: jengine, lengine, nyengine, yengine and zengine sometimes occur.

These forms are considered non-standard, although they can often be heard. The standard forms of classes 9 and 10 are Jingin for classes 6 and Nyingine. [6] [7] Parents are verbs that are used as adjectives by relativizing them with a relative prefix (or suffix) corresponding to the class of the name. These are often used in Swahili and compensate for the relative lack of actual adjectives. For example, there are no real adjectives that correspond to the English adjectives “open” and “dead,” but the kufa verbs “to die” and kufunguliwa “to be opened,” if put into perspective, convey these meanings. Examples of use: in European languages, a name accepts an adjective by changing its endings, so that in French, the adjective “beautiful” is either “beautiful,” “beautiful,” “beautiful,” “beautiful” or “beautiful” depending on the name. In Swahili, the adjective changes its prefix to match the nostantif. Another construction that compensates for the lack of real adjectives in Swahili is the genital construction using the preposition of Genitivpraposition -a.

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